Climate Change is a major world issue in the 21st century. Climate change is a sustained change in climate patterns due to an increase in the earth's temperature, which in turn has been attributed to increased levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. While greenhouse gases in the atmosphere occur naturally, it is generally accepted that anthropogenic (human induced) activity has resulted in the "enhanced greenhouse effect", an increase in greenhouse gas concentration, which is causing significant global warming effects.
There are 6 main greenhouse gases in our atmosphere which include: carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons and sulphur hexafluoride. Carbon dioxide is acknowledged as the main contributor to warming while both nitrous oxide and methane have increased in the last century and are influenced heavily by human activities.
Livingstone Shire Council is responding to climate change through both adaptation (reducing the organisation's vulnerability to the effects of climate change) and mitigation (actions taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions) activities. Adaptation actvities are centred on the development of Our Living Coast Strategy and involvement in the Queensland Climate Resilient Councils program (see below). Mitigation is being pursued through reducing carbon and involvement in the Australian Climate Council's Cities Power Partnerships.
Livingstone Shire Council has developed the Low Carbon Livingstone 2030, a strategy to reduce Livingstone Shire Council's current carbon footprint by 30% of the year 2030. Reducing the organisation's carbon footprint can result in:
- cost savings to Council and ultimately its ratepayers;
- enhancement of Council's environmental credentials, including showcasing regional sustainability leadership;
- business improvement within the organisation; and
- provide an effective response to climate change.
The strategy also includes an Action Plan which details the actions Council will undertake over the next ten years to achieve its target. View the strategy below for further details.
Livingstone Shire Council are participants in the Queensland Climate Resilient Council’s Program (Q CRC) administered by The Local Government Association of Queensland (LGAQ) in partnership with the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection. The Q CRC is a three year program working with Queensland local governments to strengthen internal council decision-making processes to respond to climate change. The program provides the following to Councils:
- An understanding of the impacts of climate change on Council’s priorities;
- A governance assessment, which will assess and rate 15 governance indicators against world leading practice standards and provide clear recommendations on how Council can improve.
- In 2017/18, the Program will provide leading practice resources for planning and decision making for climate change mitigation and adaptation.
- In 2018/19 the Program will provide leading practice guidance for the development of Local Government Climate Change Strategies and two grants from a total fund of $125K to councils wishing to pilot the development of a multi-sectoral climate change strategy in their local government area or at a regional scale
The Reef Guardian Council program showcases environmentally sustainable practices undertaken by councils in the Great Barrier Reef catchment. The program recognises the effective management and protection of the Reef requires a coordinated effort from industries, communities and all levels of government. Livingstone Shire Council has been involved in Reef Guardian Councils since its inception in 2007.
The current programme focuses on improving land management practices and water quality in the Great Barrier Reef catchment. It centres on what councils are already doing under five categories: climate change, coastal development, land-based run-off, direct use and reef heritage and social values.
The Reef Guardian Councils programme benefits Councils and their communities in many ways, including:
- Strengthened local economies;
- Protection of lifestyles and incomes;
- Promotion of Council’s environmental efforts;
- Exposure to new and innovative ideas from other communities;
- Improved environment and beautification of living space (e.g. better water, more trees); and
- Leverage for external endorsement, promotion, funding and/or marketing.
If you would like to find out more information regarding climate change, in-depth and easy to understand resources can be found at:
- CSIRO's Climate Change in Australia Website
- The National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility’s Coast Adapt website
- QLD Government's Climate Change Risk Management Tool for Households
- If you have short questions about climate science, and just want short, digestible answers, the frequently asked questions section of NASA’s climate change website is a good place to begin.